Consolidating new memories requires the amygdala and
Malcolm argues that the concept of dreaming is incoherent, while Dennett puts forward a theory of dreaming without appealing to consciousness.
Section 4 covers the evolutionary debate, where empirical work ultimately leaves us uncertain of the extent to which natural selection has shaped dreaming, if at all.
The notion of lucid dreaming is examined here in light of the question of responsibility during dreaming and how we treat other dream characters.
Sections 3 covers the various different positions, objections and replies to question 3: the debate about whether dreaming is, or is not, a conscious state.
Since the Meditations on First Philosophy was published, Descartes’ argument has been replied to.One main claim that has been replied to is the idea that there are no certain marks to distinguish waking consciousness from dreaming.